Medical tips

Control your high blood pressure

  • Make sure your blood pressure is under 140/90 mm Hg. If your systolic pressure (the top number) is over 140, ask your doctor what you can do to lower it.
  • Take your high blood pressure medicine, if prescribed, every day. If you have questions, talk to your doctor.
  • If you are overweight or obese, you should lose weight to obtain healthy weight. Talk to your doctor to see if you are at increased risk for high blood pressure and need to lose weight.
  • Increase your physical activity. Do at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, such as walking, most days of the week. You can do 30 minutes in three 10-minute segments.
  • Choose foods low in salt and sodium.
  • Read nutrition labels. Almost all packaged foods contain sodium. Every time you prepare or eat a packaged food, know how much sodium is in one serving.
  • Use spices and herbs instead of salt to season the food you prepare at home.
  • Eat more fruits, vegetables, grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
  • Any tests for high blood pressure.

Control your high cholesterol

Our bodies contain cholesterol in a number of different forms in the blood. The best known forms are LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein), known as bad cholesterol and HDL cholesterol (high density lipoprotein), known as good cholesterol.

If you have high LDL or total cholesterol, traditionally, doctors have recommended lifestyle changes such as dietary improvement and a program of exercise, perhaps along with prescription medication.

* Follow up your cholesterol level with lipid profile tests.

To lower your blood cholesterol :

  • Diet: Certain foods are also known to have cholesterol-lowering properties, including fresh vegetables, nuts (especially almonds), legumes, seeds and foods rich in soluble fiber.Fish is low in saturated fat and high in healthy omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Exercise: It is recommended that most people exercise for 30 to 45 minutes per day, 6 days per week
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can raise your bad cholesterol levels. Losing weight can help lower your cholesterol.
  • Medication: If you have high cholesterol, your doctor may prescribe medications in addition to lifestyle changes. Controlling LDL cholesterol is the primary focus of treatment.

Control your heart disease

Heart disease may be a leading cause of death, but that doesn't mean you have to accept it as your fate. Although you lack the power to change some risk factors — such as family history, sex or age — there are some key heart disease prevention steps you can take.

  • Cardiac profile tests: Do cardiac profile tests every 6 months to enable your doctor to follow up your case periodically and to discover risk signs.
  • Don't smoke or use tobacco: Smoking or using tobacco of any kind is one of the most significant risk factors for developing heart disease.Chemicals in tobacco can damage your heart and blood vessels, leading to narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Atherosclerosis can ultimately lead to a heart attack.
  • Exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week Getting some regular, daily exercise can reduce your risk of fatal heart disease. And when you combine physical activity with other lifestyle measures, such as maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet:
  • Eating a healthy diet can reduce your risk of heart disease
    Eat A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and fish
    Don't eat Red meat, margarine, coconut and fast foods